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Aerospace | Free Full-Text | Departure and Arrival Routes ...

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Aerospace | Free Full-Text | Departure and Arrival Routes ...

The bottleneck of today’s airspace is the Terminal Maneuvering Areas (TMA), where aircraft leave their routes to descend to an airport or take off and reach the en-route sector. To avoid congestion in these areas, an efficient design of departure and arrival routes is necessary. In this paper, a solution for designing departure and arrival routes is proposed, which takes into account the runway configuration, the surroundings of the airp...

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